NIJ Releases New Research Report Digest

In NIJ’s Research Report Digest, you will find brief descriptions of studies in a variety of criminal justice disciplines, such as criminology and forensic sciences, and evaluations of technologies that are used in the law enforcement and corrections fields.

This issue includes reports based on NIJ-funded research that were added to the NCJRS Abstracts Database from October through December 2012.

Below is a description of one study featured in the latest Research Report Digest:

Monitoring Drug Epidemics and the Markets that Sustain Them Using ADAM II: Final Technical Report

Authors: Andrew Golub, Henry Brownstein, and Eloise Dunlap

This study examined trends in the use of five widely abused drugs among arrestees at 10 geographically diverse locations from 2000 to 2010. The study used data from the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program reintroduced in 2007 (ADAM II) and its predecessor, the ADAM program. Analyses indicate that there is no simple relationship between the nature of individuals’ drug market purchases and trends in drug epidemics. The most pressing drug-related concern for most of the ADAM II locations was marijuana. At most ADAM locations, the crack epidemic has been declining for some time. One exception to this trend is in Sacramento, where prevention efforts are needed to discourage youth from crack use.

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Court Case Update

FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE went through a nearly three-year ordeal in the New Hampshire court system, but eventually emerged unscathed. On April 4, 2008, the New Hampshire Supreme Court unanimously reversed the decision of a lower court to exclude expert testimony regarding fingerprint evidence in the case of The State of New Hampshire v. Richard Langill. The case has been remanded back to the Rockingham County Superior Court.