Study Examines Effectiveness of SANE Intervention
A Practice Profile recently posted on the NIJ's website rates the effectiveness of utilizing Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANEs) in cases of rape and sexual assault. The results of the study were mixed, rating the practice effective for the treatment of sexually transmitted infections and the administration of emergency contraception, but the practice had "no effect" in the number of rape kits collected.

The National Institute of Justice's uses research to rate the effectiveness of programs and practices in achieving criminal justice related outcomes in order to inform practitioners and policy makers about what works, what doesn't, and what's promising in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services.

In this Practice Profile, a meta-analysis by Clare Toon and Kurinchi Gurusamy (2014) was used to rate the practice of SANE intervention. The meta-analysis looked at 6 studies spanning 15 years and including 2700 participants.
Overall, the meta-analysis found that victims of sexual assault and rape were significantly more likely to be offered treatment for an STI, as well as emergency contraception when they were cared for by a SANE, compared with victims who were provided care by a non-SANE health professional. However, there was no significant difference in the proportion of rape kits collected from victims when a comparison was made between those treated by a SANE and those treated by a non-SANE health professional.
Toon, Clare, and Kurinchi Gurusamy. 2014. “Forensic Nurse Examiners versus Doctors for the Forensic Examination of Rape and Sexual Assault Complainants: A Systematic Review.” Campbell Systematic Reviews 5.
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