BJS Releases Reports on Hate Crime

September 21, 2021 — The U.S. Department of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics recently issued reports that present statistics on hate crime victimization and hate crime recorded by law enforcement.

Hate Crime Victimization, 2005–2019 presents National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) data on hate crime victimizations from 2005 to 2019. Hate crimes in the NCVS include violent and property crimes that the victim perceived to be motivated by bias against the victim’s race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, disability, sexual orientation or religion. It includes crimes reported and not reported to police. The report examines the number of hate crimes over time, reporting to police and reasons hate crimes were not reported, characteristics of hate crimes, perceived bias motivations for these hate crimes and demographic characteristics of victims and offenders.

Hate Crime Recorded by Law Enforcement, 2010–2019 presents data from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Hate Crime Statistics Program (HCSP) on hate crime incidents and victims from 2010 to 2019. The HCSP, which began in 1990, collects hate crime data regarding criminal offenses motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias against a race or ethnicity, religion, disability, sexual orientation, gender or gender identity. The HCSP includes crimes reported to police that, after investigation, reveal sufficient evidence to support being recorded as hate crimes. The report examines incidents and victims of hate crime recorded by law enforcement, trends over time in total hate crimes and hate crimes motivated by bias against the victim’s race, ethnicity or ancestry.

Enhancing the Measurement of Hate Crime in the NCVS: Developing and Testing Improvements to the Survey Questions was produced by RTI International for BJS under award number 2020-85-CX-K017. It describes testing efforts designed to improve the measurement of hate crime in the NCVS as part of the NCVS Instrument Redesign Research and Development Program. This report describes the methodology and findings from a small-scale quantitative and qualitative online test of new and revised NCVS hate crime questions. The testing was informed by a review and assessment of state and federal hate crime laws compared to the BJS definition and by analyses of hate crime data and interview narratives derived from the current NCVS hate crime questions.

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Item of Interest

The language barrier between English-speaking investigators and Spanish-speaking witnesses is a growing problem. (Updated 28 February 2011)